Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), also called Human herpesvirus 4 (HHV-4). The virus of Epstein-Barr (EBV) is a human virus common that mononucleosis and infectious plays of causes a role in the appearance of the two rare shapes of cancer: Lymphoma of Burkitt , and nasopharyngeal carcinome. The virus occurs in the whole world, and the majority of the people formerly become infected with EBV during their lives. In the United States, as much of as 95% of adults between 35 and 40 years were infected. Many children become infected with EBV, and these infections usually do not cause any symptom or are indistinguishable from the other soft and short diseases of childhood.
The symptoms the mono include tiredness, the throat endolorie, the inflated nodes of lymph, and the fever. The enlarging of spleen and the ignition of the liver can also occur. The problems of heart or the participation of the central nervous system only seldom occurs, and infectious mononucleosis is almost never mortal. There is no association known between the infection of EBV and the problems active during the pregnancy, such as losses or defects of birth.
Large amounts of the virus are released in the saliva, enabling it to spread from one person to another. There is no specific treatment. But severe cases, corticosteroid drugs that reduce swelling are prescribed. If the spleen is swollen, the doctor may recommend avoiding strenuous activities, such as lifting and pushing, as well as any contact sports, which may cause sudden rupture of the spleen. Currently available antiviral drugs have little effect on the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis and should not be used.
The infection with the Epstein-Barr virusr develops initially in salivary gland. Great quantities of the virus are released in saliva, enabling to draw aside from one person to another. There is no specific treatment. But of the serious cases, drugs of corticosteroid which reduce swelling are prescribed. If the spleen is inflated, the doctor can recommend to avoid hard activities, such as lifting and the push, as well as all the sports of contact, which can cause the sudden rupture of spleen. Currently available antiviral drugs have little effect on the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis and should not be employed.